Monday, January 6, 2014

Cross Slope on Accessible Pathways

The ADA requires an accessible pathway from the onsite accessible parking to the main entry door.   The pathway may slope in the direction of travel, however, it must never slope more than 8.33% and the ADA has certain requirements regarding handrails, curbs, etc for ramps.   In addition, the cross-slope (in a direction opposite of the direction of travel) must not exceed 2%.   These are just some of the requirements as there are also requirements for size and location of the accessible pathway to name just a few.

The photograph above shows a pathway violation at a facility that I recently visited.   The accessible pathway marked by the faded blue cross hatched area overlaps the sloped area of a drain.   Anyone can see the overlap is clearly sloped over 2% which is almost flat.   No measurements are necessary to determine the excessive cross slope and therefore this pathway could be the subject of a lawsuit by a serial plaintiff.   In addition, it’s not appropriate to have a disabled person navigate around a drain that may be full of water during a rain storm.

Although not shown in the photograph, another violation of the pathway is that it requires a disabled person in a wheelchair to wheel behind a car that is not their own.   This is dangerous because someone backing out of a parking space may not see a disabled person in a wheelchair behind them.

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